Sources of Data
Temperature and Wind over Land
Stations were selected from the NOAA/NWS Cooperative Observer Network. Quasi-hourly historical data were retrieved from archives at the Western Regional Climate Center (WRCC). Because of variability in reporting times, data are not necessarily synchronous. However most observations were made within the half-hour window preceding the time we designated on the activity. If you need more specific information about this data, please contact WRCC.
There is one exception - the temperature data used in the temperature activity for Gillespie Field Airport was not available. High and low temperatures of 86 and 63 degrees F were substituted.
The data archived at the Western Regional Climate Center (WRCC) were useful for our purposes because they:
The Western Regional Climate Center (WRCC), inaugurated in 1986, is one of six regional climate centers in the United States. WRCC is funded by a grant from the National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, United States Department of Commerce. WRCC is housed within the Division of Atmospheric Sciences of The Desert Research Institute (DRI). DRI is an autonomous element of the University and Community College System of Nevada.
Temperature and Wind over the Ocean
Stations were selected from the NDBC network. Although NDBC does not operate all of the buoys in the network, it provides hourly observations for all of the buoys making up the network. CDIP at Scripps Institution of Oceanography operates some of the buoys that are part of the NDBC network.
The observations from the NDBC set of buoys were useful for this purpose because they provided hourly data to complement hourly data from land areas. Although all buoy stations measured wind speed, direction, and gust; barometric pressure; and air temperature, not all of the buoys measured sea surface temperature.
Hurricane Emily was selected becuase:
The particular sequence of images contained in our animation were selected becuase: